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Citing Ensembl

If you would like to include a general reference to the Ensembl system in your work, we recommend citing the most recent overview article and the Ensembl release you retrieved your data from (currently 77). References for the specific genome assembly can be found on the More information and statistics page for a species (eg human). For more specialised aspects of our system, further articles are listed below.

Citing Ensembl Data

Since release 25, all Ensembl releases have been archived as fully functional sites for about three years. This makes it possible to accurately cite data being referred to in a paper, even though the main Ensembl site is being continuously updated (currently release 77 - October 2014). For more information see the list of current archives.

Publications

  • Paul Flicek, M. Ridwan Amode, Daniel Barrell, Kathryn Beal, Konstantinos Billis, Simon Brent, Denise Carvalho-Silva, Peter Clapham, Guy Coates, Stephen Fitzgerald, Laurent Gil, Carlos García Girón, Leo Gordon, Thibaut Hourlier, Sarah Hunt, Nathan Johnson, Thomas Juettemann, Andreas K. Kähäri, Stephen Keenan, Eugene Kulesha, Fergal J. Martin, Thomas Maurel, William M. McLaren, Daniel N. Murphy, Rishi Nag, Bert Overduin, Miguel Pignatelli, Bethan Pritchard, Emily Pritchard, Harpreet S. Riat, Magali Ruffier, Daniel Sheppard, Kieron Taylor, Anja Thormann, Stephen J. Trevanion, Alessandro Vullo, Steven P. Wilder, Mark Wilson, Amonida Zadissa, Bronwen L. Aken, Ewan Birney, Fiona Cunningham, Jennifer Harrow, Javier Herrero, Tim J.P. Hubbard, Rhoda Kinsella, Matthieu Muffato, Anne Parker, Giulietta Spudich, Andy Yates, Daniel R. Zerbino, and Stephen M.J. Searle Ensembl 2014
    Nucleic Acids Research 2014 42 Database issue:D749-D755
    doi: 10.1093/nar/gkt1196

  • Paul Flicek, Ikhlak Ahmed, M. Ridwan Amode, Daniel Barrell, Kathryn Beal, Simon Brent, Denise Carvalho-Silva, Peter Clapham, Guy Coates, Susan Fairley, Stephen Fitzgerald, Laurent Gil, Carlos Garcia-Girón, Leo Gordon, Thibaut Hourlier, Sarah Hunt, Thomas Juettemann, Andreas Kähäri, Stephen Keenan, Monika Komorowska, Eugene Kulesha, Ian Longden, Thomas Maurel, William McLaren, Mattieu Muffato, Rishi Nag, Bert Overduin, Miguel Pignatelli, Bethan Pritchard, Emily Pritchard, Harpreet Singh Riat, Graham R. S. Ritchie, Magali Ruffier, Michael Schuster, Daniel Sheppard, Daniel Sobral, Kieron Taylor, Anja Thormann, Stephen Trevanion, Simon White, Steven P. Wilder, Bronwen L. Aken, Ewan Birney, Fiona Cunningham, Ian Dunham, Jennifer Harrow, Javier Herrero, Tim J. P. Hubbard, Nathan Johnson, Rhoda Kinsella, Anne Parker, Giulietta Spudich, Andy Yates, Amonida Zadissa and Stephen M. J. Searle
    Ensembl 2013
    Nucleic Acids Research 2013 41 Database issue:D48-D55
    doi: 10.1093/nar/gks1236

  • Paul Flicek, M. Ridwan Amode, Daniel Barrell, Kathryn Beal, Simon Brent, Denise Carvalho-Silva, Peter Clapham, Guy Coates, Susan Fairley, Stephen Fitzgerald, Laurent Gil, Leo Gordon, Maurice Hendrix, Thibaut Hourlier, Nathan Johnson, Andreas Kähäri, Damian Keefe, Stephen Keenan, Rhoda Kinsella, Monika Komorowska, Gautier Koscielny, Eugene Kulesha, Pontus Larsson, Ian Longden, William McLaren, Mattieu Muffato, Bert Overduin, Miguel Pignatelli, Bethan Pritchard, Harpreet Singh Riat, Graham R. S. Ritchie, Magali Ruffier, Michael Schuster, Daniel Sobral, Y. Amy Tang, Kieron Taylor, Stephen Trevanion, Jana Vandrovcova, Simon White, Mark Wilson, Steven P. Wilder, Bronwen L. Aken, Ewan Birney, Fiona Cunningham, Ian Dunham, Richard Durbin, Xosé M. Fernández-Suárez, Jennifer Harrow, Javier Herrero, Tim J. P. Hubbard, Anne Parker, Glenn Proctor, Giulietta Spudich, Jan Vogel, Andy Yates, Amonida Zadissa and Stephen M. J. Searle
    Ensembl 2012
    Nucleic Acids Research 2012 40 Database issue:D84-D90
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkr991

  • Paul Flicek, M. Ridwan Amode, Daniel Barrell, Kathryn Beal, Simon Brent, Yuan Chen, Peter Clapham, Guy Coates, Susan Fairley, Stephen Fitzgerald, Leo Gordon, Maurice Hendrix, Thibaut Hourlier, Nathan Johnson, Andreas Kähäri, Damian Keefe, Stephen Keenan, Rhoda Kinsella, Felix Kokocinski, Eugene Kulesha, Pontus Larsson, Ian Longden, William McLaren, Bert Overduin, Bethan Pritchard, Harpreet Singh Riat, Daniel Rios, Graham R. S. Ritchie, Magali Ruffier, Michael Schuster, Daniel Sobral, Giulietta Spudich, Y. Amy Tang, Stephen Trevanion, Jana Vandrovcova, Albert J. Vilella, Simon White, Steven P. Wilder, Amonida Zadissa, Jorge Zamora, Bronwen L. Aken, Ewan Birney, Fiona Cunningham, Ian Dunham, Richard Durbin, Xosé M. Fernández-Suárez, Javier Herrero, Tim J. P. Hubbard, Anne Parker, Glenn Proctor, Jan Vogel and Stephen M. J. Searle
    Ensembl 2011
    Nucleic Acids Research 2011 39 Database issue:D800-D806
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkq1064

  • McLaren W, Pritchard B, Rios D, Chen Y, Flicek P, Cunningham F.
    Deriving the consequences of genomic variants with the Ensembl API and SNP Effect Predictor.
    BMC Bioinformatics26(16):2069-70(2010)
    doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btq330

  • Kinsella RJ, Kähäri A, Haider S, Zamora J, Proctor G, Spudich G, Almeida-King J, Staines D, Derwent P, Kerhornou A, Kersey P, Flicek P. Ensembl BioMarts: a hub for data retrieval across taxonomic space.
    Database (Oxford). Vol. 2011 Published online Jul 23, 2011

  • BMC Bioinformatics - Ensembl Update 2010
    • Jessica Severin, Kathryn Beal, Albert J Vilella, Stephen Fitzgerald, Michael Schuster, Leo Gordon, Abel Ureta-Vidal, Paul Flicek, Javier Herrero
      eHive: An Artificial Intelligence workflow system for genomic analysis
      BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:240 (11 May 2010) [Abstract]

    • Yuan Chen, Fiona Cunningham, Daniel Rios, William M McLaren, James A Smith, Bethan Pritchard, Giulietta M Spudich, Simon Brent, Eugene Kulesha, Pablo Marin-Garcia, Damian Smedley, Ewan Birney, Paul Flicek
      Ensembl variation resources
      BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:293 (11 May 2010) [Abstract]

    • Daniel Rios, William M McLaren, Yuan Chen, Ewan Birney, Arne Stabenau, Paul Flicek, Fiona Cunningham
      A database and API for variation, dense genotyping and resequencing data
      BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:238 (11 May 2010) [Abstract]

    • Benoît Ballester, Nathan Johnson, Glenn Proctor, Paul Flicek
      Consistent annotation of gene expression arrays
      BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:294 (11 May 2010) [Abstract]

    • Giulietta M Spudich, Xosé M Fernández-Suárez
      Touring Ensembl: A practical guide to genome browsing
      BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:295 (11 May 2010) [Abstract]

    • Anne Parker, Eugene Bragin, Simon Brent, Bethan Pritchard, James A Smith, Stephen Trevanion
      Using caching and optimization techniques to improve performance of the Ensembl website
      BMC Bioinformatics 2010, 11:239 (11 May 2010) [Abstract]

  • Paul Flicek, Bronwen L. Aken, Benoit Ballester, Kathryn Beal, Eugene Bragin, Simon Brent, Yuan Chen, Peter Clapham, Guy Coates, Susan Fairley, Stephen Fitzgerald, Julio Fernandez-Banet, Leo Gordon, Stefan Gräf, Syed Haider, Martin Hammond, Kerstin Howe, Andrew Jenkinson, Nathan Johnson, Andreas Kähäri Damian Keefe, Stephen Keenan, Rhoda Kinsella, Felix Kokocinski, Gautier Koscielny, Eugene Kulesha, Daniel Lawson, Ian Longden, Tim Massingham, William McLaren, Karyn Megy, Bert Overduin, Bethan Pritchard, Daniel Rios, Magali Ruffier, Michael Schuster, Guy Slater, Damian Smedley, Giulietta Spudich, Y. Amy Tang, Stephen Trevanion, Albert Vilella, Jan Vogel, Simon White, Steven P. Wilder, Amonida Zadissa, Ewan Birney, Fiona Cunningham, Ian Dunham, Richard Durbin, Xosée M. Fernández-Suarez, Javier Herrero ,Tim J. P. Hubbard, Anne Parker, Glenn Proctor, James Smith, and Stephen M. J. Searle
    Ensembl's 10th year
    Nucleic Acids Research 2010 38 Database issue:D557-D562
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkp972

  • Xosé M. Fernández-Suárez and Michael K. Schuster
    Using the Ensembl Genome Server to Browse Genomic Sequence Data.
    UNIT 1.15 in Current Protocols in Bioinformatics, Jun 2010.
    www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20521244

  • Giulietta M Spudich and Xosé M Fernández-Suárez
    Touring Ensembl: A practical guide to genome browsing
    BMC Genomics 2010, 11:295 (11 May 2010)
    www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2164/11/295

  • T. J. P. Hubbard, B. L. Aken, S. Ayling, B. Ballester, K. Beal, E. Bragin, S. Brent, Y. Chen, P. Clapham, L. Clarke, G. Coates, S. Fairley, S. Fitzgerald, J. Fernandez-Banet, L. Gordon, S. Gräf, S. Haider, M. Hammond, R. Holland, K. Howe, A. Jenkinson, N. Johnson, A. Kähäri, D. Keefe, S. Keenan, R. Kinsella, F. Kokocinski, E. Kulesha, D. Lawson, I. Longden, K. Megy, P. Meidl, B. Overduin, A. Parker, B. Pritchard, D. Rios, M. Schuster, G. Slater, D. Smedley, W. Spooner, G. Spudich, S. Trevanion, A. Vilella, J. Vogel, S. White, S. Wilder, A. Zadissa, E. Birney, F. Cunningham, V. Curwen, R. Durbin, X. M. Fernandez-Suarez, J. Herrero, A. Kasprzyk, G. Proctor, J. Smith, S. Searle and P. Flicek
    Ensembl 2009
    Nucleic Acids Research 2009 37 Database issue:D690-D697
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkn828

  • A.J. Vilella, J. Severin, A. Ureta-Vidal, R. Durbin, L. Heng and E. Birney
    EnsemblCompara GeneTrees: Analysis of complete, duplication-aware phylogenetic trees in vertebrates.
    Genome Research 2009 19:327-335
    doi:10.1101/gr.073585.107

  • P. Flicek, B. L. Aken, K. Beal, B. Ballester, M. Caccamo, Y. Chen, L. Clarke, G. Coates, F. Cunningham, T. Cutts, T. Down, S. C. Dyer, T. Eyre, S. Fitzgerald, J. Fernandez-Banet, S. Gräf, S. Haider, M. Hammond, R. Holland, K. L. Howe, K. Howe, N. Johnson, A. Jenkinson, A. Kähäri, D. Keefe, F. Kokocinski, E. Kulesha, D. Lawson, I. Longden, K. Megy, P. Meidl, B. Overduin, A. Parker, B. Pritchard, A. Prlic, S. Rice, D. Rios, M. Schuster, I. Sealy, G. Slater, D. Smedley, G. Spudich, S. Trevanion, A. J. Vilella, J. Vogel, S. White, M. Wood, E. Birney, T. Cox, V. Curwen, R. Durbin, X. M. Fernandez-Suarez, J. Herrero, T. J. P. Hubbard, A. Kasprzyk, G. Proctor, J. Smith, A. Ureta-Vidal and S. Searle.
    Ensembl 2008
    Nucleic Acids Research 2008 36 Database issue:D707-14.
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkm988

  • B. Paten, J. Herrero, S. Fitzgerald, K. Beal, P. Flicek, I. Holmes and E. Birney
    Genome-wide nucleotide-level mammalian ancestor reconstruction
    Genome Research 2008 18:1829-1843
    doi:10.1101/gr.076521.108

  • B. Paten, J. Herrero, K. Beal, S. Fitzgerald and E. Birney
    Enredo and Pecan: Genome-wide mammalian consistency-based multiple alignment with paralogs
    Genome Research 2008 18: 1814-1828
    doi:10.1101/gr.076554.108

  • Giulietta Spudich, Xosé M. Fernández-Suárez and Ewan Birney
    Genome Browsing with Ensembl: a practical overview
    Brief Funct Genomic Proteomic, 2007 Sept; 6: 202-219

  • T. J. P. Hubbard, B. L. Aken, K. Beal1, B. Ballester1, M. Caccamo, Y. Chen, L. Clarke, G. Coates, F. Cunningham, T. Cutts, T. Down, S. C. Dyer, S. Fitzgerald, J. Fernandez-Banet, S. Graf, S. Haider, M. Hammond, J. Herrero, R. Holland, K. Howe, K. Howe, N. Johnson, A. Kahari, D. Keefe, F. Kokocinski, E. Kulesha, D. Lawson, I. Longden, C. Melsopp, K. Megy, P. Meidl, B. Overduin, A. Parker, A. Prlic, S. Rice, D. Rios, M. Schuster, I. Sealy, J. Severin, G. Slater, D. Smedley, G. Spudich, S. Trevanion, A. Vilella, J. Vogel, S. White, M. Wood, T. Cox, V. Curwen, R. Durbin, X. M. Fernandez-Suarez, P. Flicek, A. Kasprzyk, G. Proctor, S. Searle, J. Smith, A. Ureta-Vidal and E. Birney
    Ensembl 2007
    Nucleic Acids Research. 2007 Vol. 35, Database issue:D610-D617.
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkl996

  • E. Birney, D. Andrews, M. Caccamo, Y. Chen, L. Clarke, G. Coates, T. Cox, F. Cunningham, V. Curwen, T. Cutts, T. Down, R. Durbin, X. M. Fernandez-Suarez, P. Flicek, S. Gräf, M. Hammond, J. Herrero, K. Howe, V. Iyer, K. Jekosch, A. Kähäri, A. Kasprzyk, D. Keefe, F. Kokocinski, E. Kulesha, D. London, I. Longden, C. Melsopp, P. Meidl, B. Overduin, A. Parker, G. Proctor, A. Prlic, M. Rae, D. Rios, S. Redmond, M. Schuster, I. Sealy, S. Searle, J. Severin, G. Slater, D. Smedley, J. Smith, A. Stabenau, J. Stalker, S. Trevanion, A. Ureta-Vidal, J. Vogel, S. White, C. Woodwark and T. J. P. Hubbard
    Ensembl 2006
    Nucleic Acids Research 2006 Jan 1;34 Database issue:D556-D561.
    doi:10.1093/nar/gkj133

  • Guy St. C. Slater and Ewan Birney
    Automated generation of heuristics for biological sequence comparison.
    BMC Bioinformatics. 2005 Feb 15;6(1):31
    doi:10.1186/1471-2105-6-31

  • T. Hubbard, D. Andrews, M. Caccamo, G. Cameron, Y. Chen, M. Clamp, L. Clarke, G. Coates, T. Cox, F. Cunningham, V. Curwen, T. Cutts, T. Down, R. Durbin, X. M. Fernandez-Suarez, J. Gilbert, M. Hammond, J. Herrero, H. Hotz, K. Howe, V. Iyer, K. Jekosch, A. Kahari, A. Kasprzyk, D. Keefe, S. Keenan, F. Kokocinsci, D. London, I. Longden, G. McVicker, C. Melsopp, P. Meidl, S. Potter, G. Proctor, M. Rae, D. Rios, M. Schuster, S. Searle, J. Severin, G. Slater, D. Smedley, J. Smith, W. Spooner, A. Stabenau, J. Stalker, R. Storey, S. Trevanion, A. Ureta-Vidal, J. Vogel, S. White, C. Woodwark and E. Birney
    Ensembl 2005
    Nucleic Acids Research 2005 Jan 1;33 Database issue:D447-D453.
    doi:10.1093/nar/gki138

  • J. L. Ashurst, C.-K. Chen, J. G. R. Gilbert, K. Jekosch, S. Keenan, P. Meidl, S. M. Searle, J. Stalker, R. Storey, S. Trevanion, L. Wilming and T. Hubbard
    The Vertebrate Genome Annotation (Vega) database.
    Nucleic Acids Res. 2005 Jan 1;33 Database issue:D459-D465.
    doi:10.1093/nar/gki135

  • International Chicken Genome Sequencing Consortium.
    Sequence and comparative analysis of the chicken genome provide unique perspectives on vertebrate evolution.
    Nature 2004 432(7018):695-716.
    doi:10.1038/nature03154

  • International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium.
    Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome
    Nature. 2004 Oct 21;431(7011):931-945.
    doi:10.1038/nature03001

  • Genome Research Ensembl Special

    The May 2004 issue of Genome Research includes an Ensembl special covering detailed aspects of the Ensembl web site, the underlying scalable database system for storing genome sequence and annotation information, as well as the automated genome analysis and annotation pipeline.

    • Ewan Birney, T. Daniel Andrews, Paul Bevan, Mario Caccamo, Yuan Chen, Laura Clarke, Guy Coates, James Cuff, Val Curwen, Tim Cutts, Thomas Down, Eduardo Eyras, Xose M. Fernandez-Suarez, Paul Gane, Brian Gibbins, James Gilbert, Martin Hammond, Hans-Rudolf Hotz, Vivek Iyer, Kerstin Jekosch, Andreas Kahari, Arek Kasprzyk, Damian Keefe, Stephen Keenan, Heikki Lehvaslaiho, Graham McVicker, Craig Melsopp, Patrick Meidl, Emmanuel Mongin, Roger Pettett, Simon Potter, Glenn Proctor, Mark Rae, Steve Searle, Guy Slater, Damian Smedley, James Smith, Will Spooner, Arne Stabenau, James Stalker, Roy Storey, Abel Ureta-Vidal, K. Cara Woodwark, Graham Cameron, Richard Durbin, Anthony Cox, Tim Hubbard and Michele Clamp
      An Overview of Ensembl
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):925-928.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1860604

    • Arne Stabenau, Graham McVicker, Craig Melsopp, Glenn Proctor, Michele Clamp and Ewan Birney
      The Ensembl Core Software Libraries
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):929-933.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1857204

    • Simon C. Potter, Laura Clarke, Val Curwen, Stephen Keenan, Emmanuel Mongin, Stephen M.J. Searle, Arne Stabenau, Roy Storey and Michele Clamp
      The Ensembl Analysis Pipeline
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):934-941.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1859804

    • Val Curwen, Eduardo Eyras, T. Daniel Andrews, Laura Clarke, Emmanuel Mongin, Steven M.J. Searle and Michele Clamp
      The Ensembl Automatic Gene Annotation System
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):942-950.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1858004

    • James Stalker, Brian Gibbins, Patrick Meidl, James Smith, William Spooner, Hans-Rudolf Hotz and Antony V. Cox
      The Ensembl Web Site: Mechanics of a Genome Browser
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):951-955.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1863004

    • Stephen B. Montgomery, Tamara Astakhova, Mikhail Bilenky, Ewan Birney, Tony Fu, Maik Hassel, Craig Melsopp, Marcin Rak, A. Gordon Robertson, Monica Sleumer, Asim S. Siddiqui and Steven J.M. Jones
      Sockeye: A 3D Environment for Comparative Genomics
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):956-962.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1890304

    • Stephen M.J. Searle, James Gilbert, Vivek Iyer and Michele Clamp
      The Otter Annotation System
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):963-970.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1864804

    • James A. Cuff, Guy M.P. Coates, Tim J.R. Cutts and Mark Rae
      The Ensembl Computing Architecture
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):971-975.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1866304

    • Eduardo Eyras, Mario Caccamo, Val Curwen and Michele Clamp
      ESTGenes: Alternative Splicing From ESTs in Ensembl
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):976-987.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1862204

    • Ewan Birney, Michele Clamp and Richard Durbin
      GeneWise and Genomewise
      Genome Research 2004 14(5):988-995.
      doi:10.1101/gr.1865504

  • Rat Genome Sequencing Project Consortium.
    Genome sequence of the Brown Norway rat yields insights into mammalian evolution.
    Nature. 2004 428(6982):493-521.
    doi:10.1038/nature02426

  • Arek Kasprzyk, Damian Keefe, Damian Smedley, Darin London, William Spooner, Craig Melsopp, Martin Hammond, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Tony Cox and Ewan Birney
    EnsMart: A Generic System for Fast and Flexible Access to Biological Data.
    Genome Research 2004 14(1):160-169.
    doi:10.1101/gr.1645104

  • E. Birney, D. Andrews, P. Bevan, M. Caccamo, G. Cameron, Y. Chen, L. Clarke, G. Coates, T. Cox, J. Cuff, V. Curwen, T. Cutts, T. Down, R. Durbin, E. Eyras, X. M. Fernandez-Suarez, P. Gane, B. Gibbins, J. Gilbert, M. Hammond, H. Hotz, V. Iyer, A. Kahari, K. Jekosch, A. Kasprzyk, D. Keefe, S. Keenan, H. Lehvaslaiho, G. McVicker, C. Melsopp, P. Meidl, E. Mongin, R. Pettett, S. Potter, G. Proctor, M. Rae, S. Searle, G. Slater, D. Smedley, J. Smith, W. Spooner, A. Stabenau, J. Stalker, R. Storey, A. Ureta-Vidal, C. Woodwark, M. Clamp and T. Hubbard
    Ensembl 2004
    Nucleic Acids Research 2004 32 Database issue:D468-70.
    [Abstract] [Full text]

  • M. Clamp, D. Andrews, D. Barker, P. Bevan, G. Cameron, Y. Chen, L. Clark, T. Cox, J. Cuff, V. Curwen, T. Down, R. Durbin, E. Eyras, J. Gilbert, M. Hammond, T. Hubbard, A. Kasprzyk, D. Keefe, H. Lehvaslaiho, V. Iyer, C. Melsopp, E. Mongin, R. Pettett, S. Potter, A. Rust, E. Schmidt, S. Searle, G. Slater, J. Smith, W. Spooner, A. Stabenau, J. Stalker, E. Stupka, A. Ureta-Vidal, I. Vastrik and E. Birney
    Ensembl 2002: accommodating comparative genomics.
    Nucleic Acids Research 2003 31(1):38-42.
    [Abstract] [Full text]

  • Mouse Genome Sequencing Consortium.
    Initial sequencing and comparative analysis of the mouse genome.
    Nature. 2002 Dec 5;420(6915):520-562.
    doi:10.1038/nature01262

  • T. Hubbard, D. Barker, E. Birney, G. Cameron, Y. Chen, L. Clark, T. Cox, J. Cuff, V. Curwen, T. Down, R. Durbin, E. Eyras, J. Gilbert, M. Hammond, L. Huminiecki, A. Kasprzyk, H. Lehvaslaiho, P. Lijnzaad, C. Melsopp, E. Mongin, R. Pettett, M. Pocock, S. Potter, A. Rust, E. Schmidt, S. Searle, G. Slater, J. Smith, W. Spooner, A. Stabenau, J. Stalker, E. Stupka, A. Ureta-Vidal, I. Vastrik and M. Clamp.
    The Ensembl genome database project.
    Nucleic Acids Research 2002 30(1):38-41.
    [Abstract] [Full text]