This is the first release of the Stickleback genome (Gasterosteus aculeatus). The genome sequencing and assembly are provided by the Broad Institute, with cDNAs and ESTs being provided by the Kingsley Lab at Stanford University School of Medicine. The assembly has been sequenced by whole-genome shotgun sequencing with a base coverage of approximately 11x. The stickleback genome is approximately 460 Mb in length and comprises 22 pairs of chromosomes (groups) including a mitochondrial chromosome and an additional 1,822 unplaced supercontigs.
The gene set for stickleback was built using a modified version of the standard Ensembl genebuild pipeline. The majority of gene models are based on genewise alignments of proteins from species genetically distant from stickleback. To improve accuracy, genewise alignments were made to stretches of genomic sequence rather than to 'miniseqs'. cDNA and EST sequences were used to add UTR to genes with 3' and 5' ESTs from the same clone being paired where possible.
The quality of the gene models was assessed by generating sets of potential orthologs to genes from other species. Potentially missing predictions and partial gene predictions were identified by examining the orthologs and used to improve the gene models. 2,208 cDNAs from Stanford Human Genome Center were used to further assess quality before being incorporated into the final gene set.
General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.
|Assembly||BROAD S1, Feb 2006|
|Golden Path Length|
The golden path is the length of the reference assembly. It consists of the sum of all top-level sequences in the seq_region table, omitting any redundant regions such as haplotypes and PARs (pseudoautosomal regions).
|Genebuild method||Full genebuild|
|Genebuild started||Jun 2006|
|Genebuild released||Aug 2006|
|Genebuild last updated/patched||May 2010|
Genes and/or transcript that contains an open reading frame (ORF).
|Small non coding genes|
Small non coding genes are usually fewer than 200 bases long. They may be transcribed but are not translated. In Ensembl, genes with the following biotypes are classed as small non coding genes: miRNA, miscRNA, rRNA, scRNA, snlRNA, snoRNA, snRNA, and also the pseudogenic form of these biotypes. The majority of the small non coding genes in Ensembl are annotated automatically by our ncRNA pipeline. Please note that tRNAs are annotated separately using tRNAscan. tRNAs are included as 'simple fetaures', not genes, because they are not annotated using aligned sequence evidence.
A pseudogene shares an evolutionary history with a functional protein-coding gene but it has been mutated through evolution to contain frameshift and/or stop codon(s) that disrupt the open reading frame.
|Gene transcriptsNucleotide sequence resulting from the transcription of the genomic DNA to mRNA. One gene can have different transcripts or splice variants resulting from the alternative splicing of different exons in genes.||29,245|
|Genscan gene predictions||44,884|