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What do the population codes for human allele frequencies mean?

In views like Population genetics in the variation tab, you may find three letter codes for populations.

These come from the HapMap project, and/or the 1000 Genomes project.

The following table describes the population codes, and shows which populations are grouped into super populations.

Population Code Description Super Population Code
CHB Han Chinese in Bejing, China
ASN
JPT Japanese in Tokyo, Japan ASN
CHS Southern Han Chinese ASN
CDX Chinese Dai in Xishuanagbanna, China
ASN
KHV Kinh in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam ASN
CEU

Utah Residents (CEPH) with Northern and
Western European ancestry

EUR
TSI Toscani in Italia EUR
FIN Finnish in Finland EUR
GBR British in England and Scotland EUR
IBS Iberian population in Spain EUR
YRI Yoruba in Ibadan, Nigera
AFR
LWK Luhya in Webuye, Kenya
AFR
GWD Gambian in Western Divisons in The Gambia AFR
MSL Mende in Sierra Leone
AFR
ESN Esan in Nigera
AFR
ASW American's of African Ancestry in SW USA
AFR
ACB African Carribean in Barbados
AFR
MXL Mexican Ancestry from Los Angeles USA
AMR
PUR Puerto Rican from Puerto Rica AMR
CLM Colombian from Medellian, Colombia AMR
PEL Peruvian from Lima, Peru
AMR
GIH Gujarati Indian from Houston, Texas
SAN
PJL Punjabi from Lahore, Pakistan
SAN
BEB Bengali from Bangladesh
SAN
STU Sri Lankan Tamil from the UK
SAN
ITU Indian Telugu from the UK
SAN

These populations have been divided into 5 super populations

  • AFR, African
  • AMR, Ad Mixed American
  • ASN, East Asian
  • EUR, European
  • SAN, South Asian


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